Aug 29, 2010

Positive talents that give rise to DYSLEXIA

Table of Contents:

  • What is Dyslexia?
  • Is there any treatment?
  • What is the prognosis?
  • What research is being done?
  • Videos 
  • Clinical Trials
  • Organizations



  • What is Dyslexia?
 Dyslexia is a brain-based type of learning disability that specifically impairs a person's ability to read. These individuals typically read at levels significantly lower than expected despite having normal intelligence. Although the disorder varies from person to person, common characteristics among people with dyslexia are :
*difficulty with spelling,  
*phonological processing (the manipulation of sounds),
*and/or rapid visual-verbal responding.

  In adults, dyslexia usually occurs after a brain injury or in the context of dementia. It can also be inherited in some families, and recent studies have identified a number of genes that may predispose an individual to developing dyslexia.

 Positive aspects of dyslexia:  Most books and web sites on dyslexia focus on difficulties with reading, writing and memory tasks. Dyslexic people often have strengths as well, such as:

                The main focus of treatment should be on the specific learning problems of affected individuals. The usual course is to modify teaching methods and the educational environment to meet the specific needs of the individual with dyslexia.
    • What is the prognosis?
    For those with dyslexia, the prognosis is mixed. The disability affects such a wide range of people and produces such different symptoms and varying degrees of severity that predictions are hard to make. The prognosis is generally good, however, for individuals whose dyslexia is identified early, who have supportive family and friends and a strong self-image, and who are involved in a proper remediation program.
    • What research is being done?
    The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and other institutes of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) support dyslexia research through grants to major medical institutions across the country. Current research avenues focus on developing techniques to diagnose and treat dyslexia and other learning disabilities, increasing the understanding of the biological basis of learning disabilities, and exploring the relationship between neurophysiological processes and cognitive functions with regard to reading ability.
    • Videos
    • NIH Patient Recruitment for Dyslexia Clinical Trials
    International Dyslexia Association
    40 York Road
    4th Floor
    Baltimore, MD   21204
    Tel: 410-296-0232 800-ABCD123
    Fax: 410-321-5069
    Learning Disabilities Association of America
    4156 Library Road
    Suite 1
    Pittsburgh, PA   15234-1349
    Tel: 412-341-1515
    Fax: 412-344-0224
    National Center for Learning Disabilities
    381 Park Avenue South
    Suite 1401
    New York, NY   10016
    Tel: 212-545-7510 888-575-7373
    Fax: 212-545-9665
    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
    National Institutes of Health, DHHS
    31 Center Drive, Rm. 2A32 MSC 2425
    Bethesda, MD   20892-2425
    Tel: 301-496-5133
    Fax: 301-496-7101
    National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
    National Institutes of Health, DHHS
    6001 Executive Blvd. Rm. 8184, MSC 9663
    Bethesda, MD   20892-9663
    Tel: 301-443-4513/866-415-8051 301-443-8431 (TTY)
    Fax: 301-443-4279

    Related NINDS Publications and Information
           NINDS health-related material is provided for information purposes only and does not necessarily represent endorsement by or an official position of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke or any other Federal agency. Advice on the treatment or care of an individual patient should be obtained through consultation with a physician who has examined that patient or is familiar with that patient's medical history.
    All NINDS-prepared information is in the public domain and may be freely copied. Credit to the NINDS or the NIH is appreciated.
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    1 comment:

    1. I have been researching audio visual stimulation and have set up a website to help those who will benefit from such. It can help with various problems but most significantly it can help learning disabled children…

      For anyone who suffers from a learning disability you will be interested to know that research on AVS entrainment is known to challenge and stimulate the brain and appears to result in improved functioning on intelligence tests, achievement tests, and
      behavior as rated by parents and teachers.

      The simplicity of use and the low cost of the equipment may make effective treatment for learning disabilities and attention deficit disorders available to many of the children who need it but who would otherwise never receive it.

      If you know anyone who could benefit from such technology then please spread the word!


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