- Its nicknames include "MPH," R-ball," "Skippy," "the smart drug," and "vitamin R."
- NIDA notes that taking high doses of a stimulant may result in dangerously high body temperature, an irregular heartbeat, and the potential for cardiovascular failure or lethal seizures.
- Though helpful when used as prescribed, barbiturates can be addictive. If taken with certain drugs, including alcohol, the heart and breathing can slow, which can lead to death.
- Slang for barbituates includes "barbs," "reds," red birds," "phennies," "tooies," "yellows," and "yellow jackets."
Benzodiazepines: Valium, Xanax
Nonbenzodiazepines : Sleep Medicines
- These drugs "may have less potential for addiction" than other depressants, states the web site of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
Opiodes: Codeine and Morphine
- Morphine is typically prescribed for severe pain; codeine, for milder pain.
- Street names for codeine include "Captain Cody" and "Cody." Slang for morphine includes "M" and "Miss Emma."
Opioides: OxyContin, Percocet
- These drugs aren't identical; Percocet also contains acetaminophen while Percodan also contains aspirin.
- These drugs should only be taken under medical supervision, and not with alcohol, barbituates, antihistamines, or benzodiazepines -- those drug combinations could be life-threatening.
- Street names include "oxy," "O.C.," and "oxycotton" for OxyContin and "percs" for Percocet or Percodan.
Opioides : Vicodin, Lortab, Lorcet
Pseudoephedrine is commonly found in nonprescription cold medicines. It's sought as an ingredient for making the illegal drug methamphetamine ("meth"). That's why there are laws limiting the amount of pseudoephedrine-containing drug products that can be purchased at a time.
Identifying a Suspicious Pill
Drug Abuse: What to Do
- Come right out and ask.
- Look for signs and symptoms of drug use.
- Learn the risk factors for drug use, like a family history of addiction or having friends who drink or use drugs.